Removal of Lead and Chromium from Aqueous Solution onto Flamboyant (Delonix regia) Pod Activated Carbon


  • S. I. Mustapha Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Ilorin
  • L. T. Adewoye
  • F. A. Aderibigbe University of Ilorin
  • M. H. Alhaji
  • M. I. Adekola
  • I. A. Tijani


Flamboyant pod, activated carbon, adsorption, lead, chromium


The contamination of water by potentially toxic elements is considered a global problem. It calls for a safe, economic and technological approach in order to curb and prevent the devastating effect of the menace on both human and the aquatic life. In the light of this background, the adsorption potential of flamboyant pod activated carbon (FPAC) for the removal of chromium and lead from aqueous solution was studied. The effect of contact time, pH, initial concentration as well as adsorbent dosage on the removal efficiency of both metal ions was investigated via batch adsorption. Characterization of the FPAC adsorbent was done using Brunaur Emmett Teller and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The maximum adsorption capacity Qe was found to be 34.48 and 16.13 mg/g for Pb (II) and Cr (VI), respectively. The Langmuir isotherm model showed a better fit to the equilibrium data than the Freundlich isotherm model. The mechanism of adsorption for both metal ions onto the FPAC agrees well with pseudo second order kinetic model. The results showed that FPAC has excellent adsorption properties and thus can be used as an effective low-cost adsorbent for the removal of lead and chromium ions from aqueous solution.


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