Evaluation of MgO-ZnO-Crab Shell Biofillers as Reinforcement for Biodegradable Polylactic Acid (PLA) Composite


  • A. O. Ogunsanya Bells University of Technology
  • E. B. Iorkohol Bells University of Technology
  • D. Arinze Bells University of Technology
  • O. Ogundoyin University of Lagos


Bone Fracture, degradation, hydroxyapatite, stability, hygroscopic characteristics, porosity


Biodegradable polyester obtained from renewable, eco-friendly materials, and natural additives made from debris of production of seafood to create biocomposites is nowadays a possibility. This paper evaluates the physical, morphological, and chemical properties and the degradation stability of polylactic acid/biofillers (magnesium oxide/zinc oxide/crab shell particles) composite as a viable biocomposite material in bone engineering applications. The biofiller showed hygroscopic characteristics. Surface morphology of the composite showed fractured surfaces with interconnected pores suitable for bone cells’ implantation enhancement and propagation. Biofillers effect accelerates the precipitation of calcium apatite formation after 28 days of immersion. The XRD spectra confirmed high composite crystallinity structure of 93.4% due to the nucleation effects of the biofillers. The beneficial role of reinforcing polylactic acid polymer with biofiller showed average pH value of 7.36 and apparent porosity of 40%. Findings from this paper have revealed that the use of crab shell debris such as crab shell can become a resource in biocomposite fabrication. The addition of biofillers provided an effective reinforcement in polylactic acid polymer matrix and hence contributed towards sustainable developments of natural resource materials and biodegradable and bioresorbable material without polluting the environment.


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