Rainfall Intensity Analysis for Synoptic Stations in Northern Nigeria


  • Sunday Olakunle Oyegoke Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti
  • Adeshina Samuel Adebanjo Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti
  • Hopewell James Ododo University of Lagos


Extreme rainfall, Intensity, Duration, Frequency, Northern Nigeria


With the large inter-annual variability of rainfall in Northern Nigeria, a zone subject to frequent dry spells which often result in severe and widespread droughts, the need for intense study of rainfall and accurate forecast of rainfall intensity duration frequency (IDF) curves cannot be over emphasized. The Intensity Duration Frequency relationship is a mathematical relationship between the rainfall intensity and rainfall duration for given return periods. Using a subset of the network of fifteen continuous auto recording rain gauges available in Northern Nigeria, a total of seven different time durations ranging from 12 minutes to 24 hours were developed  for return periods of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 years. The maximum data series so obtained was fitted to Gumbel’s Extreme Value Type 1 distribution. Linear Regression Analysis was then used to obtain the intensity-duration relationships for the various locations from which Intensity-Duration Frequency (IDF) curves were generated using Microsoft Excel for various return periods.


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